World Federalist Movement

wfm

  http://www.wfm-igp.org

 

movement

 

 

 

 

Statutes of the

World Federalist Movement — Institute for Global Policy

 

As adopted at the Sixth Congress (London, 1954);

Eighth Congress (Stockport, Cheshire, 1956);

Pietersberg Conference (1959);

Twelfth Congress (San Francisco, 1965);

Thirteenth Congress (Oslo, 1967);

Emergency Congress (Elsinore, 1968);

Fourteenth Congress (Ottawa, 1970);

Fifteenth Congress (Brussels, 1972);

Sixteenth Congress (New Delhi, 1975);

Eighteenth Congress (Tokyo, 1980);

Special Congress (London, 1985);

Twentieth Congress (Philadelphia, 1987);

Twenty-first Congress (Noordwijkerhout, 1991);

Twenty-second Congress (San Francisco, 1995); and

Twenty-fifth Congress (Geneva, 2007).

 

Preamble

1.  As members of the World Federalist Movement, we affirm our determination to exercise our rights and responsibilities as citizens of the whole world in order to achieve the high purposes of the United Nations.

2.  Ours is a planet in crisis, suffering grave problems unable to be managed by nations acting separately in an ungoverned world.  It has become urgent for the world’s people and governments to join in achieving a new level of global solidarity such as can only be sustained by a commitment to the planet as a genuine community.  We make that commitment, and call on our fellow citizens and governments to do the same.

3.  As world federalists, we view the world as one society embracing all of humanity in all its diversity.  We affirm that the ideals and principles of community life which are basic to civilized existence can and must be applied to international relations.  To this end, we call for urgent progress in developing democratic institutions of law by which the world’s people and nations can govern their relations to assure a peaceful, just, and ecologically sustainable world community.

4.  These institutions must have actual and sufficient authority to make and enforce law in their given jurisdictions in accordance with the basic federalist principle of subsidiarity, which is the division of political authority and jurisdiction between different levels of government and the solving of problems at the level at which they occur, in general at the most local level possible.  For this is the essence of federalism:  to seek to invest legal and political authority in world institutions to deal with problems which can only be treated adequately at the global level, while affirming to sovereignty of the nation-state in matters which are essentially internal.  Our objective is a world order in which the legitimate rights of nations to self-determination are balanced by and consistent with the collective rights of the global community to protect and advance the common good of humanity.

5.  Our objective is to have not only governments but individuals recognize their obligation to uphold and affirm world law through allegiance to these institutions.  It is the citizen who is finally the rightful source and subject of the authority of world law.  Individuals, whether heads of government or ordinary citizens, must be accountable under due process of world law for crimes against humanity.

6.  In our work for world federation, we are dedicated especially for:

• Understanding and amity among the world’s cultures and political ideologies;

• An end to the arms race, and the elimination of all weapons of mass destruction;

• An end to the use and threat of use of military force;

• Respect for universal human rights and freedoms, including the right of all to the requirements of a dignified life, and the freedom of all to responsibly express their beliefs;

• Equitable participation of all in the global economy and in global decisions which affect their lives; equitable distribution of world resources between rich and poor countries, in order to eradicate poverty, disease, and illiteracy;

• The protection of our common environment and the preservation of the ecosystem for succeeding generations; and

• The emergence of a global ethos and a consciousness of humanity as one community and of every person as a citizen of one world.

7.  In the service of our goals we support transnational tendencies which lead towards a more mature world legal order and world community.  We especially support:

• The important functions and work of the United Nations system, while working at the same time to make it more democratic, reliable, and effective;

• Respect for international law, as well as its further development through such existing mechanisms as state ratification of treaties and conventions;

The development of associations and/or federations for regional or functional purposes.

8.  We recognize that the building of a world community — one based on fundamental justice and an appreciation of differences — is the greatest intellectual, moral, and political challenge of our time.  It calls on each of us to examine our beliefs and priorities, and to express in our personal way our commitment to global change.

9.  Change requires the organized will and intelligence of many individuals, and each person has something positive and vital to contribute to the process of change.  Believing that by working together we can achieve more than by working separately, we unite our efforts through the World Federalist Movement and adopt hereby this constitution….

 

About World Federalism:

• World federalism calls for the division of international authority through the separation of powers among judicial, executive and parliamentary bodies.

• The League of Nations, the U.N., and the European Union all represent institutional responses to the problems of international anarchy and war.

• At that time, people began to realize that representative bodies could be used to determine international policies. Federalism moved beyond national borders.

• States rely on these international organizations to regulate their disagreements and deal with their common problems; however advancement is still needed.

• World federalism now faces the challenge of showing that it is capable of taking the lead in transitioning toward world government.

• The ultimate goal of world federalists is world federation.

• During the Cold War, world government lay in the vague and distant future, but today it has become a feasible goal. World federalists take up that challenge.

 

Timeline:

1937

Campaign for World Government started in Chicago.

1938

Federal Union formed in the United Kingdom, advocating both European and World Federations.

1939

Publication of Union Now by Clarence Streit, calling for a federation of the Atlantic democracies.

1942

The United Nations formed (Grand Alliance of World War II).

1945

Emery Reves’ An Anatomy of Peace published. Reves argues that the causes of war are the absence of world law and world government.

1947

United World Federalists formed in merger of Americans United for World Government and World Federalists, USA.

Montreux Meeting: The World Movement for World Federal Government established and Usborne Plan, a campaign for a Constituent Assembly of Peoples, drafted.

1948

Robert Hutchins and G.A. Borgese’s Preliminary Draft of a World Constitution released.

1949

Founding of the International Register of World Citizens.

1950

Constituent Assembly of Peoples and Consultative Congress in Geneva.

1951

Founding of the World Association of Parliamentarians for World Government.

1955

NEPTUNO Plan calling for United Nations sovereignty over the oceans.

1956

Name of the movement changed to World Association of World Federalists (WAWF).

1957

Congress in The Hague received by Queen Juliana.

Federal Union publishes Proposals for a Permanent United Nations Force.

1958

World Peace through World Law, by Grenville Clark and Louis B. Sohn, published.

1961

McCloy-Zorin Agreement reached between the United States and the Soviet Union (a joint agreement on recommended principles general and complete disarmament with verification by U.N. inspectors).

1962

NGO round table in New York organized by WAWF discusses disarmament, decolonization, aid to under-developed countries, and structure of the UN Secretariat.

U Thant speech at Uppsala, Sweden, calls for world government.

1963

Pope John XXIII’s Pacem in Terris encyclical released, endorsing a world authority to deal with global problems.

1967

World Peace through World Economy manifesto released, authored by Finn Laursen and other young federalists with the assistance of economist Jan Tinbergen.

1969

Peacemakers Academy established with General Rhkye as President; later becomes the International Peace Academy.

1970s

Law of the Sea negotiation. World Federalists rally public support for the Law of the Sea treaty, adopted after a decade of negotiations.

1972

World Federalists launch the Planetary Citizenship Campaign.

1978

Parliamentarians for World Order established.

1983

Institute for Global Policy (IGP) formed as an affiliated body of the Movement “to carry out research and educational projects of relevance for world order reform.”

1984

Six-nation Declaration for Arms Reduction published.

Draft Treaty Establishing the European Union, written by Italian Federalist Altiero Spinelli, passes in the European Parliament.

1987

Name of the Movement changed to World Association for World Federation (WAWF).

1988

Third Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Disarmament. World Federalists across the globe lobby their governments on positive steps towards a global security system, with special emphasis on monitoring and verification.

1989

UN Declares 1990-1999 the Decade of International Law.

The first Global Structures Convocation, “Structures for Peace,” gathers hundreds of peace activists and other in Washington, DC.

Delegation of World Federalists present their plan for United Nations security forces to UN Under-Secretary General for Special Political Affairs Marrack Goulding.

1991

Name of the Movement changed to World Federalist Movement (WFM)

1992

“Earth Summit” or the UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro Brazil, gathering the largest number of NGOs together in history;

Second Global Structures convocation, organized by the World Federalist Association addresses issues of environment and development. Over 1,400 people attend.

1994

The UN General Assembly adopts the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, a permanent ban on nuclear testing sought by World Federalists and many other peace activists for over fifty years;

World Federalists around the world hold a vigil on the U.N. financial crisis.

1995

WFM convenes the first meeting of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC). WFM Executive Director William R. Pace serves as Convenor.

 Boston Coalition on U.N. Reform hosts public conference at Kennedy Library on “Re-forming the United Nations: Toward a Humane Global Society.”  Caps seven conferences designed to reach out to “We the Peoples” in American civil society (1994-97).

1997

Earth Summit II. WFM Co-sponsors an NGO/parliamentary plenary held panel to the Summit plenary at the U.N.

1998

International Criminal Court treaty conference held in Rome, Italy. The movement is the Convenor for the broad-based coalition of citizen’s group advocating the creation of a permanent International Criminal Court.

1999

The Hague Appeal for Peace conference. WFM helps organize the global citizens peace conference which will be the first of a series of intergovernmental, General Assembly, and Red Cross conferences which together comprise the Third Hague Peace Conference.

2001

The Organization of African Unity changes its name to the African Union; 53 African states are members of the new intergovernmental organization.

The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) releases a report that first introduces the concept of the “responsibility to protect.”

2002

The Rome Statute on the International Criminal court enters into force with 60 signatory countries ratifying the treaty.

2003

WFM launches its Responsibility to Protect — Engaging Civil Society (R2PCS) project primarily to raise awareness of the ICISS report, “Developing greater NGO (non-governmental organization) cooperation and better coordination to implement the Responsibility to Protect principles.”

2005

The Millennium +5 Review Summit held at the UN headquarters in New York. The reform agenda proposed in the Secretary General’s report In Larger Freedom is the largest in U.N. history, and includes a call for a new peacebuilding architecture at the U.N. World leaders agree that they have a responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing, and to act on this responsibility.

In September, world leaders endorse the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC).

In December, the Security Council and General Assembly establish PBC in concurrent resolutions.

2006

Following the selection of the eighth U.N. Secretary-General, IGP launches the

U.N. Elections.org campaign for the appointment of better and more qualified leaders for those global institutions addressing the most sensitive and pressing problems of our world community.

WFM-IGP launches its global civil society project on the PBC as the Peacebuilding Commission holds first meeting in June.

2007

The Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA) advocating citizen’s representation at the United Nations launches at more than one dozen events on five continents.

In June, the PBC submits its first annual report to the General Assembly and Security Council.

2008

In June, the first biannual reviews of progress in peacebuilding in Burundi and Sierra Leone are held.

Commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court is held at U.N. Headquarters in New York.